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14th European Diabetes and Endocrinology Congress, will be organized around the theme “Breakthroughs in endocrine treatments and expose the latest developments”

Euro Endocrinology 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Euro Endocrinology 2019

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\r\n Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is defined as the presence of typical microvascular signs in a person with diabetes; these signs are non-specific and may also be seen frequently in people without diabetes. DR is categorized as ‘non-proliferative and proliferative. The latter stage is associated with a high risk of visual loss. Diabetic macular edema (DME) represents thickening near the foveal area, can occur in either stage and is a very frequent cause of impaired vision. Majority patients with diabetes are unaware of their DR condition – mostly are asymptomatic in the early stage and presented late with sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.

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\r\n Diabetic nephropathy, progressive kidney disease due to longstanding diabetes, is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in the Western world. However, not all patients with diabetes-mediated hyperglycaemia will develop this disease. It appears that both environmental and genetic factors play a role in the development of diabetic nephropathy, making diabetic nephropathy a complex disease.

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\r\n Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is defined as Impaired Glucose Tolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. Worldwide, 1 in 10 pregnancies is associated with the diabetes, 90% of which are GDM. Undiagnosed or inadequately treated GDM can lead to significant maternal & fatal complications. Moreover, women with GDM and their children’s are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Maternal risks of GDM include polyhydramnios, pre-eclampsia, prolonged labor, obstructed labor, cesarean section, uterine atony, postpartum hemorrhage, infection and progression of retinopathy which are the leading global causes of maternal morbidity and mortality.

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\r\n Fetal risks include spontaneous abortion, intra-uterine death, stillbirth, congenital malformation, shoulder dystocia, birth injuries, neonatal hypoglycemia and infant respiratory distress syndrome. Longterm clinical effects of GDM are important contributors to the burden of non-communicable diseases in many countries.

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\r\n Genetic mapping was used to search for causal mutations of diseases that run in families and are inherited by the principles of Mendel. These Mendelian diseases, also called monogenetic disorders, are caused by a mutation in a single gene. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is an example of a Mendelian disease. The disorder is caused by a mutation in the gene DMD, which encodes for the protein dystrophin, an important structural component within muscle tissue. Due to a single gene mutation the protein is not produced adequately, leading to the severely disabling phenotype of Duchenne. In contrast to Mendelian diseases, complex diseases are disorders in which the cause is considered to be a combination of several genetic effects and environmental influences. For example, type 1 and 2 diabetes, diabetic nephropathy and cardiovascular disease are such complex diseases.

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\r\n Hormones are chemicals that affect how other parts of the bodywork. For example, hormones decide how a child grows and matures. Problems with growth, puberty, and sexual development often have their roots in the endocrine system. Endocrine glands, such as the pituitary gland, release hormones into the bloodstream. Endocrinology is the science that studies these glands and the effects of the hormones. 

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\r\n Neuroendocrinology is the field of study between the nervous system and the endocrinology system, including the biological features of the cells involved and how they communicate. Human endocrine functioning has a strong foundation in the Central nervous system, under the direction of the hypothalamus, which has direct control over the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland has two major lobes the anterior lobe and posterior lobe also called neurohypophysis. The pituitary gland is a small pea-sized gland that plays a major role in regulating vital body functions.

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\r\n Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Body mass index is a simple index of weight for height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. It is defined as a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters. People who are overweight or have obesity have added pressure on their body's ability to use insulin to properly control blood sugar levels, and are therefore more likely to develop diabetes.

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\r\n Endocrine glands are a group of glands in the body which secrete hormones. The endocrine system influences how your heart beats, how your bones and tissues grow, even your ability to make a baby. It plays a vital role in whether or not you develop diabetes, thyroid disease, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction, and a host of other hormone-related disorders. Endocrine disorders are typically grouped into two categories. Endocrine disease that results when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone, called a hormonal imbalance. Endocrine disease due to the development of lesions in the endocrine system, which may or may not effect on hormone levels.

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\r\n Thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone (becoming overactive), the condition is called hyperthyroidism. When the thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormone (becoming underactive), the condition is called hypothyroidism. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is an autoimmune condition called Graves' disease. With Graves' disease the body produces antibodies which behave like TSH and stimulate the thyroid gland uncontrollably, to make too much thyroid hormone.

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  • \r\n Hyperthyroidism
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  • \r\n Graves’ disease Hypothyroidism 
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  • \r\n Hashimoto's thyroiditis
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  • \r\n Goiters and Thyroid Nodules
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\r\n The endocrine system is a collection of glands in several areas of the body. The glands secrete hormones directly into the circulatory system for delivery to certain organs. Thyroid cancer is the most common type of endocrine cancer, diagnosed in about 64,000 people each year. In most cases, it's a very treatable form of cancer. Endocrine cancer can also affect the pancreas, which is an organ in the belly.

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\r\n Nutrition and physical activity are important parts of a healthy lifestyle when you have diabetes. Along with other benefits, following a healthy meal plan and being active can help you keep your blood glucose level, also called blood sugar, in your target range. To manage your blood glucose, you need to balance what you eat and drink with physical activity and diabetes medicine if you take any. What you choose to eat, how much you eat, and when you eat are all important in keeping your blood glucose level in the range that your health care team recommends.

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\r\n Endocrinology is a division of biology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its functions, diseases, and its specific secretions knows as hormones. It is also concerned with the integration of developmental events proliferation, growth and differentiation and the psychological or behavioral activities of metabolism, growth, and development, respiration, sleep, excretion, mood, stress, lactation, movement, caused by hormones. These hormones are responsible for performing several important functions in our body. Physiological, cellular and molecular studies in whole animals or humans will be considered for mechanisms of hormones and growth factor action, hormonal and nutritional regulation of metabolism, inflation, micro biome and energy balance and temporal analysis of hormone secretion and metabolism.

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